What is Biodiversity?
Simply put, biodiversity is life in all its variety: over 14 million species found from mountain top to deep-sea vent. But it is much more. Those species connect, and interact. Those interactions create communities and systems, and those systems provide goods and services such as oxygen production, pollination, water filtration and storage, pest control, food production, carbon storage and erosion control. Again, simply put, biodiversity anchors nature’s life support system.
4 R’s of Biodiversity
. Retain (i.e. protect) populations, species and habitats that are ecologically significant.
. Restore habitats that have been degraded.
. Replace habitats that have been lost.
. Recover species that are at risk.
To learn more about Biodiversity read BEAN’s Biodiversity Primer and Biodiversity Concepts.
To protect biodiversity we need to understand it. That’s where the new State of Ontario’s Biodiversity 2010 can help. This report measures the health of Ontario’s biodiversity based on 29 indicators such as wetland losses and freshwater quality. This information can help us make better decisions about where to focus our efforts to conserve biodiversity.
In 2011 The Ontario Biodiversity Council released a renewed biodiversity strategy for the province, calling on government, conservation groups, industry and all Ontarians to help in protecting what sustains us. Read Ontario’s Biodiversity Strategy, 2011: Renewing our Commitment to Protecting What Sustains Us, or for a snapshot of the strategy, read the summary report.